Identity card

LATIN NAME: Caryophylliidae Euphyllia sp.

FAMILY: Caryophylliidae

PHYLUM: Cnidaria

CLASS: Anthozoa

Corals of the genus Euphyllia are reef-building corals. They are frequently visited by clown fish.

Euphyllia corals live between 2 and 35 metres deep in coral reefs.

They feed on zooplankton that they catch with their tentacles, which are extended during the day.

  • Distribution :

    This type of coral is found in the Red Sea and in the Indo-Pacific Ocean as far as Samoa.
  • IUCN Status :

    Several species of coral of the Euphyllia genus are on the Red List. Euphyllia corals are protected by the Washington Convention.

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Find out more about Euphyllia corals
Biomimetics: a new material that imitates coral could help to remove toxic heavy metals such as mercury from the ocean.

Euphyllia corals are hard corals that live in colonies. Their polyps are very large and the skeletons, called corallites, are formed of separate elongated tubes called phaceloids. They belong to the reef-building Scleratinia, or hard corals.

The tentacles of Euphyllia cause a painful rash.

These are very ancient corals that were living when the first mammals roamed the earth.

They can reproduce asexually.

Euphyllia corals help to create an important and diverse reef ecosystem. The more diverse a reef is, the more resilient it is. As well as the ecological benefit they bring, corals reefs are of major economic, social and cultural importance for the countries they border. They play a large part in regulating the greenhouse effect and global warming.





Crédits photo du bandeau : © D.Mallevoy
Crédits photo de la vignette : © Jenny Huang – Flikr / Wikimedia

Activities AT NAUSICAA


Every day, there are events focused on Nausicaa’s main species. With training and feeding sessions and talks on life in Europe’s largest aquarium, your visit will be a rich and entertaining experience!
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