LATIN NAME : Sphyrna lewini
FAMILY : Sphyrnidae
PHYLUM : Chordata
CLASS : Chondrichthyes
It is recognisable by its T-shaped head. This shark is an iconic creature of the Colombian island of Malpelo.
It lives in the open sea, close to the coast and coral reefs, between the surface and a depth of 300 metres. The hammerhead moves in large shoals.
It feeds on bony fish such as mackerels, sardines, lionfish, moray eels and groupers, but also small sharks and cephalopods. Juvenile sharks also hunt shrimps and other small crustaceans.
The scalloped hammerhead measures between 2 and 3 metres in length and weighs more than 150 kg once it has reached adulthood.