Publié le October 4, 2019

26 September 2019

NAUSICAA, the French National Sea Centre

explains

the IPCC special report on the Ocean and Cryosphere

 

 

 

The IPCC published its special report on the Ocean and Cryosphere on 25 September 2019.

The findings are worrying. NAUSICAA, the French National Sea Centre wants to help everyone understand the challenges and encourage them to act for the future of the Planet.

The relationship between the oceans and climate is a major theme for NAUSICAA which has dedicated two exhibitions to this: Stormy weather for the Planet (2003) and Climate & Ocean: getting hot in here (2015). NAUSICAA raises the public’s awareness concerning the role played by the oceans in regulating the climate, the impact that the warming of water has on it and the importance for the Planet of keeping the oceans in good health. Positive solutions and initiatives will make it possible to limit climate change and its impact.

In the framework of its collaboration with the Ocean & Climate Platform, NAUSICAA has taken part in the analysis of this major document alongside other scientific mediators, and today presents “Océan et Changement Climatique : les nouveaux défis” (Ocean and Climate Change: the new challenges), a booklet explaining five major subjects examined in this report: ocean warming, climate change and the Southern Ocean, rising sea levels, extreme events and deoxygenation. In particular, this booklet presents two all-encompassing graphs, “’Les interactions Océan-Climat : des liens de cause à effet” (Ocean-Climate interactions: links between cause and effect) and “’Océan et changement climatique” (Oceans and climate change).

 

The IPCC warns about the acceleration of the phenomena affecting the oceans and their impact on human communities

The report reminds us that the oceans and the cryosphere are at the heart of climate regulation. Global warming, which results from increased greenhouse gas emissions linked to human activities, causes significant and sometimes irreversible changes on the scale of human societies, the ocean environment and the cryosphere. The impact of these changes will make itself felt from the mountain tops down to the ocean deeps, causing upheavals in our living conditions and unprecedented risks for living organisms, ecosystems and human communities.

The oceans have absorbed more than 90 % of the excess heat owing to climate change and about 30 % of the CO2 emissions linked to human activities, which has limited the scale of the increase in the atmosphere’s temperature. But the climate is affected by the constant warming of the sea water, and the acidification and deoxygenation of the oceans, as well as by a reduction in the amount of ice and frozen soils.

The report notes that:

  • The oceans are warming up at an ever-faster rate, causing oceanic heatwaves that have a major impact on marine biodiversity.
  • The sea level is rising faster than was previously forecast: between now and the end of the century it could increase by 1.5 cm each year with an overall increase of 110 cm.
  • The oceans are losing oxygen which could lead to a loss of 15 % of the global biomass of marine animals by 2100.
  • The extreme events such as very violent cyclones that only occur very rarely are likely to become increasingly frequent as the century progresses.
  • In total, more than a quarter of the planet’s inhabitants are directly threatened by the consequences of climate change on the ocean and the cryosphere, particularly in coastal areas.

The climate concerns all of the planet’s citizens and this report must encourage all the players to mobilise. NAUSICAA wants to raise the awareness of its audience and commit them to action. With all the members of the Ocean & Climate Platform, NAUSICAA is also calling for ambitious and urgent political action. Concrete measures, based on the established scientific facts highlighted by this IPCC report, must be taken at the time of COP25.

In the framework of its collaboration with the Ocean & Climate Platform, and along with other scientific mediators, NAUSICAA has contributed to the analysis of this major document and is today presenting “Océan et Changement Climatique : les nouveaux défis” (Ocean and Climate Change: the new challenges), a booklet explaining the five major themes examined in this report: ocean warming, climate change and the Southern Ocean, rising sea levels, extreme events and deoxygenation. In particular, this booklet presents two all-encompassing graphs, “Les interactions Océan-Climat : des liens de cause à effet” (Ocean-Climate interactions: links between cause and effect) and “Océan et changement climatique” (Oceans and climate change).

 

Ocean & Climate Platform

The Ocean & Climate Platform (OCP), of which NAUSICAA is a member, was born from an alliance between non-governmental organisations and research institutes. It brings together more than 70 organisations, scientific bodies, universities, research institutes, aquariums etc. whose goal is to take full advantage of scientific expertise and make a plea regarding the Ocean-Climate challenges with political decision-makers and the general public.

On the strength of its expertise, the OCP provides its support to decision-makers seeking scientific information and orientation for the accomplishment of public policies. The OCP also answers a need expressed equally by the scientific community and by representatives of the private sector and of civil society: the existence of a space for meeting, discussing and thinking around which the Ocean and Climate players can build an effective, holistic approach to cope with the challenge of protecting marine ecosystems and the struggle against climate change.

 

NAUSICAA

NAUSICAA, the French National Sea Centre in Boulogne-sur-Mer, is more than just an aquarium. This is a one-of-a-kind Centre dedicated to the discovery of the marine environment – it is enjoyable, educational and scientific, essentially focusing on the relationship between Man and the Sea. The Centre’s mission is to raise the public’s awareness for better management of the oceans and their resources and encourage everyone to act. NAUSICAA is UNESCO’s “Centre of Excellence” for its awareness-raising initiatives.

In 28 years, NAUSICAA has welcomed nearly 17 million visitors and has carved out a place for itself as a major player for raising awareness of the marine environment. The opening of an extension in 2018 around a pool recreating the ecosystem of the High Seas has made NAUSICAA one of the largest aquariums in Europe.

 

 

For further information, contact Ingrid PICQUART, PR & Press Officer

NAUSICAA, French National Sea Centre – Boulogne-sur-Mer

Tel: 03.21.30.99.99. Fax: 03.21.30.93.94. – Email: communication@www.nausicaa.fr

 

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