Stop on the Mediterranean Sea
Mankind and shores- Area 4 : Stop on the Mediterranean Sea
The Mediterranean is a sea which is almost closed off and is well known for the beauty of its scenery, its historic heritage, and of course its flora and fauna, which are unique in the world.
Man’s presence along the coasts of the Mediterranean for millennia has made it possible to develop this area. Some activities have even helped to enrich its biodiversity, making the Mediterranean one of the world’s richest seas.
In the 19th century, at least a hundred or so new species moved from the Red Sea to the Mediterranean via the Suez Canal.
Discover the animals of this area
Though small, the Mediterranean is teeming with life: it is home to more than 7% of the world’s marine fauna!
The blackchin guitarfish has some characteristics which are found in rays, and some characteristics which are found in sharks. Its beige and grainy skin enables it to blend into the sand. It reaches an average length of 1.5 metres but can grow to 2 metres.
This fish can puff itself up and curl up into a spiky ball if it feels threatened.
The long-spine porcupinefish mainly lives at depths of up to 100 metres, in a range of habitats including reefs, sandy bottoms and seagrass beds.
This seahorse, which lives in lagoon environments, can be recognised by the ridge on its head. Its prehensile tail enables it to anchor itself to seaweed. It waits for small crustaceans to go past so that it can suck them in with its long mouth.
This fish with a long and very thin body looks like a bit like a seahorse that has been straightened out.
The greater pipefish lives in calm waters above various bottoms – sandy, rocky or detritic – and among seaweed and seagrass. It also likes the brackish waters of estuaries. Its snout, which looks like a pipette, is longer than the rest of its head.